The Ultimate Guide to Diet and Kidney Stones: What to Eat and What to Avoid

Kidney stones are a painful and uncomfortable condition that affect millions of people every year. These tiny, hard deposits form in the kidneys and can cause severe pain when they travel through the urinary tract.

While there are many factors that can contribute to the development of kidney stones, diet is one of the most important. In fact, what you eat can make a big difference in your risk of developing kidney stones, as well as your ability to manage the condition if you are already dealing with it.

So, what should you eat if you want to prevent or manage kidney stones? And what should you avoid? Here’s the ultimate guide to diet and kidney stones:

What to Eat:

– Drink plenty of water: Staying hydrated is crucial for preventing kidney stones, as it helps to flush out your urinary system and prevent mineral buildup. Aim for at least 8-10 glasses of water per day.
– Eat calcium-rich foods: Contrary to popular belief, calcium is not a dietary villain when it comes to kidney stones. In fact, getting enough calcium can actually help prevent them. Aim for 1,000-1,200 mg of calcium per day through foods like dairy products, leafy greens, and almonds.
– Eat foods high in citric acid: Citric acid can help prevent kidney stones from forming by binding to calcium and preventing it from crystallizing. Good sources of citric acid include lemons, limes, oranges, and grapefruits.
– Choose low-oxalate foods: Oxalate is a compound found in certain foods that can contribute to kidney stone formation. Foods high in oxalate include spinach, rhubarb, beets, and nuts. If you’re prone to kidney stones, it’s best to limit your intake of these foods.

What to Avoid:

– Limit sodium: Too much sodium in your diet can increase your risk of kidney stones by causing your body to excrete more calcium in your urine. Aim for no more than 2,300 mg of sodium per day.
– Avoid high-protein diets: Diets that are high in protein and low in carbohydrates can increase your risk of kidney stones by causing your body to excrete more calcium and uric acid in your urine. If you eat a lot of meat, try to balance it out with plenty of fruits and vegetables.
– Cut back on sugar: Sugar can contribute to kidney stone formation by increasing your urinary excretion of calcium. Try to limit your intake of sugary drinks and snacks.
– Avoid high-oxalate foods: As mentioned above, foods high in oxalate can contribute to kidney stone formation. If you’re at risk for kidney stones, it’s best to avoid or limit your intake of these foods.

In addition to making dietary changes, there are other lifestyle factors that can help prevent kidney stones, such as staying active, managing stress, and avoiding tobacco and alcohol.

Of course, if you’re dealing with kidney stones, it’s important to work with your healthcare provider to come up with a comprehensive treatment plan that’s right for you. But by following these dietary guidelines, you can help reduce your risk of kidney stones and manage the condition more effectively.

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